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In Zurich in the 15th century lived two man with the name Hans Tachelhofer (Dachselhofer, Tachelshofer). One is called Hans Tachelshofer the younger and the other the elder. Since Dr. Hans-Peter Hils reported in his dissertation (Meister Johann Liechtenauers Kunst des langen Schwertes, 1985, p. 176, note 184) that Hans Talhoffer stayed in 1454 in Zurich, there had been some researching on that fact. Hils found in the Staatsarchiv Zurich, Rats- und Richtebücher (StaZ, B VI 219, 124v) a entry that Hans Talhoffer was involved in a brawl during a sporting duel. In the same sources and in others as well, the name of Hans Tachelshoffer is dropped several times and there had been some musing if Hans Tachelshofer is the fencing master Hans Talhoffer. In this small article I would like to give some information on the Tachelshofer of Zurich.Hanns Tachelshofer

Both Hans Tachelshofer appear in several documents and in the Rats- and Richtebücher. In the latter they are connected with some misbehavior.

  • 1401 Hans Tachelshofer is listed as a honorable person (StaZ C II 4, Nr. 367)
  • 1417 Hans Tachelshofer is holding court as the Schultheiß of Mellingen a community near Hägglingen and Wohlenschwil next to Zurich (StaZ C IV 7.1)
  • 1424 Hans Tachelshofer is addressed as the Schultheiß of Mellingen (StaZ B V 14, S. 187 r)
  • 1426 Hans Tachelshofer was the Vogt of the small communities of Hägglingen and Wohlenschwil near Zurich (StaLu PA 437/139)
  • 1435 Hans Tachelshofer is in the list of names of the city council of Zurich (StaZ A 42.1, Mappe Justiz)
  • 1453 Hans Tachelshofer is involved in a brawl which includes a knife and the throwing of a candleholder (BVI 218 185v ff)
  • 1453 Hans Tachelshofer is involved in a brawl which includes wounding by a hit with the fist (BVI 218 223v ff)
  • 1457 Hans Tachelshofer jr is accused of cheating in playing cards  (StaZ B VI 220, 306r ff)
  • 1463 Hans Tachelshofer jr is again accused of cheating in playing cards. But is not punished but an arrangement is found. (StaZ B VI 223, 130r ff and 141v)
  • 1463 Hans Tachelshofer is listed as attestor (StaZ C I, Nr. 2263 and C I, Nr. 3121)
  • 1464 Hans Tachelshofer is listed as attestor (StaZ C I, Nr. 2901)
  • 1472 Hans Tachelshofer is listed as attestor (StaZ C I, Nr. 2974)
  • 1477 Hans Tachelshofer in diplomatic business (StaLu URK 69/1282)
  • 1478 Hans Tachelshofer is listed as attestor (StaZ C I, Nr. 1047 k – C I, Nr. 1047 p)
  • 1479 Hans Tachelshofer is listed as attestor (StaZ C III 2, Nr. 6)
  • 1482 Hans Tachelshofer in diplomatic business (Berner-Chronik, I 359 [298])
  • 1484 Hans Tachelshofer in diplomatic business (Berner-Chronik, I 476 [349] )

The Tachelshofet is a Family name coming supposably from the place of Tachelshofen (aka Tachsloechern) later named Dachelsen today Dachlissen (Mettmenstetten). There are Peter, Rudolf and other family members. Looking at the documents it does not seem to fit to the biography, of the fencing master Hans Talhoffer to be part of that family.