The path to the original poem of Master Liechtenauer

If we compare the versions of the Zedel by Master Liechtenauer to each other, and to the poem originated by Magister Beringer we will recognize at first sight the different number of verses. Same happens in comparison of the Nürnberg Hausbuch with most of the other variants of Liechtenauer Zedel. Two simple explanations come to … Continue reading The path to the original poem of Master Liechtenauer

Explaining the German fencing terms by simple means of wrestling

Explaining the Liechtenauer five words and other German fencing terms is a very simple thing if you look at them from the perspective of a wrestler. There are reasons why the manuscripts state that all fencing stem from wrestling. I like to give you some examples using the images and plays of the great 16th … Continue reading Explaining the German fencing terms by simple means of wrestling

A man wrote a fight-book. It’s incredible what happened 500 years later.

In the paper "Limits of Understanding in Historical European Martial Arts Studies" my friend Eric Burkhart introduced a variation of the Semiotic Triangle to the field of Historical Martial Arts Research. The Semiotic Triangle is an old concept found already with Plato and Aristotle in which an real life object (or a matter) is associated … Continue reading A man wrote a fight-book. It’s incredible what happened 500 years later.

The danger of the attack – a translater’s problem

The sources we use to reconstruct the historical martial arts are written in a language that is not fully understandable to us. Words change meanings or have multiple meanings and so we need to interprete not only the martial art, it already starts with interpreting the text in a critical manner. This includes reading it … Continue reading The danger of the attack – a translater’s problem