Hans Talhoffer (Dalhover, Talhouer, Thalhoffer, Talhofer) was a fencing master, a adviser at court in regard of judicial duels, a instructor for knightly duels and tournaments, and a consultant regarding martial arts and the arts of war. He was born between 1410-1415 and lived at least until 1482 (latest mention of his name is 1489 in Munich Bavaria).
He produced at least five surviving manuals to the arts of fencing and warfare which were copied several times.
Talhoffer was a well educated man, who took interest in astrology, mathematics, onomastics, and the auctoritas and the ratio. He was ranked highly by his customers who paid a fortune to produce the manuals.
His first known customer is the prince-archbishop of Salzbourg Johann II. of Reisberg in 1433 (1) to whom he served in his business to the Vehmic court (a criminal court inflicting bodily punishment, including the death penalty). Johann II. was linked to Albrecht I. of Austria and this is the first connection of Talhoffer to the House of Habsburg to which he stayed through his entire life.
See blog 1433 Archbishop Johann II. von Reisberg
During (or after or because of) his duty for the diocese of Salzbourga man named Hans Talhoffer was arrested and questioned on the demands of Wilhelm von Villach (Villenbach), a footman to the Duke III. Albrecht in Bavaria, a Wittelsbacher (2). Villach is a small village in the princedom of the prince-archbishop of Salzbourg. So it was in the Jurisdiction of the very prince-archbishop Talhoffer had serviced. In the following incidents Hanns von Villach took 1434 a Nuremburger citizen named Jacob Auer into imprisonment accusing him to have inflicted his brothers death. Hanns von Villach confined Auer at the Hohenburg, a castle belonging to Georg Frauenberger zum Hag (another servicemen of the prince-archebishop). Some nobles declared a Feud to support Hanns von Villach and started looting. Emperor Sigismund and the Duke of Bavaria told von Villach to set Auer free, but he disagreed until Georg Frauenberger conciliated him to do so. So Jacob Auer was free again one year later. But the Feud continued despite the attempts of Emperor Sigismund, of Bishop Peter zu Augsburg, and of Duke Frederic to Austria. There was happy looting at the possessions of the Nuremburg citizens until 1436 when the Feud ended.
See blog 1434 The case of Wilhelm of Villach, 1435 Jörg Frauenberger the torturer
Georg (Jorg) Frauenberger (the Elder) zum Haag at Hohenburg was a man of the Archbishop of Salzburg. Till Eberhard III. of Neuhaus died in 1427 he earned more than 1000 Guilder(Gulden) in his duty (3). For 100 Pfund Pfennig (pound silver, 477 g, equal to a Guilder) per anno he joined the side of Archbishop Johann of Salzburg from 1435 (4). So it is no big supprise to find a Hans Talhoffer in his duty in the occupation as a Kastner (“bursary officer”) of Hohenburg in May 1437 (5).
See blog 1437 Kastner at the Hohenburg, 1436 Epitaph of Jörg Frauenberger
How long Talhoffer stayed at the Hohenburg is not certain. Georg Frauenberger the Elder died assumedly in Januar 1437 (5a). But he was connected to Marquard of Königsegg, at this time Landkomtur of the Teutonic Order in Alsace, who he met May 1434 in Basel where Frauenberger became the owner of Haag (6). Marquard (reported dead at 23th Dec. 1446 (7)) was the uncle of Leuthold of Königsegg a well known customer of Hans Talhoffer.
… to be continued…
|Date||Place||Source / Blog Post||Probability that this is Hans Talhoffer|
|15th April 1433||Salzburg||Hof- und Staatsarchiv, Vienna, SbgE, AUR 1433 IV 15Blog Entry||90%|
|before March 1434||Nuremberg||Blog Entry||90%|
|March 1434||Salzburg||StArchiv-N, Rep. 2 b Rst. Nürnberg, Losungsamt, 7-farbiges Alphabet, Urkunden Nr. 873n ( Braun M Nr. 7)Blog Entry||90%|
|1st September 1434||Vienna||StArchiv-N, Rep. 2 b Rst. Nürnberg, Losungsamt, 7-farbiges Alphabet, Urkunden Nr. 898 (Braun M Nr. 9)Blog Entry||90%|
|4th February 1435||Hals, Passau||StArchiv-N, Rep. 2 b Rst. Nürnberg, Losungsamt, 7-farbiges Alphabet, Urkunden Nr. 928Blog Entry||90%|
|4th-12th February 1435||Vienna||StArchiv-N, Rep. 2 b Rst. Nürnberg, Losungsamt, 7-farbiges Alphabet, Urkunden Nr. 928 + 930Blog Entry||90%|
|5th May 1437||Hohenburg||Amberg, Staatsarchiv, Edition: MB 24, S. 199 – 201., advertised in a document of 1498 V 28 (= Urkunde 526). 1437 VII 4 lfd Nr. 329Blog Entry||70%|
|1454||Zurich||Dr. Hans-Peter Hils, Hils, Staatsarchiv Zurich, Rats- und Richtebücher, StaZBlog Entry||0%|
|1467||Urach||Hauptstaatsarchiv Stuttgart A 602 Nr 286 = WR 286Württembergische Regesten / 1301-1500, Hausarchiv, Eberhard V. (als Herzog I.), 1467-1469 (1467-1469)||100%|
And Regesten Sigismund RI XI n. 10804, 11010, 11126, 11153 (3) OeStA/HHStA-AUR (Sbg-E) (Haus-, Hof- und Staatsarchiv), AUR 1427 VII 15 and AUR 1430 VII 26 (4)OeStA/HHStA-AUR (Sbg-E) (Haus-, Hof- und Staatsarchiv) AUR 1435 XI 11 (5) 5th May 1437, Amberg, Staatsarchiv, Edition: MB 24, S. 199 – 201., advertised in a document of 1498 V 28 (= Urkunde 526). 1437 VII 4 lfd Nr. 329 (5a) His epitaph in the cloister church of Gars is dated t0 1435 (6) Sigmund. (RI XI) n. 10340 and Sigmund. (RI XI) n. 10350. (7) Regesta historico-diplomatica Ordinis S. Mariae Theutonicorum.